Fire Blight: The Disease and its Causative Agent, Erwinia amylovora

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Fire blight the disease and its causative agent, erwinia amylovora by agrihorti - Issuu

Close Find out more. You are here: Home Bookshop Book. Main Description Fire blight is a major disease of apples, pears and certain woody ornamental plants. Table of Contents. Who is Erwinia amylovora?

Customer Reviews

How to Control It? It should be on the must-have list of scientists and graduate students working in the field of bacteriology, disease control, plant breeding, and molecular-plant microbe interactions.

Pathogen Biology

Greene, HortScience, 36 6 , Oct Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. My introduction to this intriguing pathogen was on sabbatical leave with the late R. Keil was my bible. Since then this current book is the first collation of the extensive research spanning more than a century on applied and fundamental aspects of this sporadic yet often devastating disease. Indeed, the first molecule from any plant pathogen responsible for triggering the hypersensitive response was discovered in E.

This major finding may be fitting because fire blight was the first plant disease shown to be caused by a bacterium.

Fire Blight: The Disease and its Causative Agent, Erwinia amylovora

After an introductory chapter by Vanneste, which essentially summarizes the key points from the book, chapters fall into three sections. There is a very effective index and 26 colour plates of symptoms.

Fireblight on Apples and Pears final

I was disappointed, though, that there were no transmission electron micrographs to show its typical intercellular movement with complete absence of any host cell wall destruction, in sharp contrast to invasion by other Erwinia spp. With such a diverse and detailed text, it is impossible to offer a more detailed summary of the contents except perhaps to draw out a few snippets that interested me and might encourage others to read it; for example, Vanneste's comment that mountains and oceans have not kept the disease at bay. So it seems inevitable that E.

There it could lead to loss of genotypes that have never been in contact with the pathogen, but could it lead to the discovery of resistance genes in wild species? Kim and Beer detail a set of pathogenicity genes termed hrp , located on an apparent pathogenicity island. There are three functional classes: regulatory genes, secretory genes which form a type III pathway and genes probably encoding virulence proteins such as harpin.

Fire Blight

Some hrp genes are closely analogous to genes involved in virulence of animal pathogens such as Yersinia and Shigella. Other parallels are to be found in the role of EPS described by Geider and siderophores in virulence; in the case of E. It is one of several compounds being considered for registration for use against fire blight, perhaps to replace heavy metals and antibiotics which are used in certain countries.

In summary, this well produced, balanced and interesting text is essential reading for scientists and graduate students working not only with E. Also there is much of interest to a wider audience concerned with disease spread, control and mechanisms; all are an integral part of the long, complex history of fire blight which has recently come into much sharper focus.


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The pathogen has evolved from one of the most enigmatic into one of our model systems. Volume 50 , Issue 3.